As one of the core devices for realizing coverage of mobile communication networks, base station antennas are an important part of mobile communication systems and have been rapidly developed along with the advancement of the mobile communication industry.Developed countries need to continue to increase the expansion of communication networks, and emerging market countries are in the stage of building large-scale modern mobile communication networks. All these provide a broad market space for the development of mobile communication equipment industry and guarantee the sustained growth of market demand of base station antenna industry.With the rapid development of mobile broadband services, video, VR, Internet of Things and other applications emerge in an endless stream. The demand for user traffic is growing rapidly, and the space of the global base station antenna industry is steadily increasing.
From the perspective of base station antenna product type shipments, FDD (Frequency Division Duplex) antenna products have steadily increased, and the global 4G FDD network continues to build; TDD (Time Division Duplex, Time Division Duplex) antenna products have declined significantly, with the number exceeding 40%, the deployment of pure TDD network has decreased; FDD/TDD fusion antenna has increased tremendously, and operators have adopted more. The integration of multi-port antennas can not only reduce the rent of the sky, reduce the overall cost of the site, but also enhance the network performance, and continue to invest in the construction of FDD/TDD fusion network.In addition, the increase of semi-integrated antenna is more than 90%, which is mainly reflected in the increase of active antenna proportion in the pole-station scenario: Massive Multiple-Input Multiple-Output (MIMO) antenna has grown rapidly from scratch.
As shown in the following figure, in the 5C era, in order to meet the demand for capacity, new spectrum is continuously introduced, antennas tend to be multi-frequency, and multi-band multi-port base station antennas are the trend of the times. However, the limited resources of the sky require the integration of the antenna to be continuously improved, and the requirements for R&D and manufacturing capabilities are higher. The manufacturers in the antenna industry need to increase investment and improve the R&D and manufacturing capabilities of high-complexity and high-value products.
In recent years, the market share of base station antennas has been relatively stable, and the market share of all major manufacturers in the industry has been relatively stable. The world's top three antenna manufacturers (Huawei, Catherine, CommScope) accounted for 68.2% and 67.8% of the world respectively in 2015 and 2016. Market share, mainstream manufacturers continue to promote industrial progress, and improve the industry's overall technological innovation and ability to transform results. Domestic manufacturers account for more than 40% of the global market share, and domestic manufacturers account for the largest proportion of shipments. However, there is a gap between the domestic manufacturers' share of shipments and the share of revenue. It is necessary to strengthen the R&D investment of high-value products, and transform the advantages of shipments into market-scale advantages by increasing investment.
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